Risk Assessment Evaluation Zero Accident HSE

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RISK ASSESSMENT

Definitions

Risk: The likelihood that the harms from a particular hazard are realized. The extent of the risk covers the number of people affected and the consequences from them. Therefore, the risk reflects both regarding the likelihood and the severity of the harm.
Risk Assessment Evaluation Zero Accident HSE
Severity: Consequence of harm is the ‘Awfulness’ of the outcome of an accident (i.e. minor injury or death).

Likelihood: Probability of injury is the estimated frequency of the harm occurring (i.e. never, very frequently).

Risk Analysis

The purpose of any danger and risk analysis is to obtain the scale or size of the risks. It should also provide a ranking of the hazards identified to enable priorities to be identified for further actions.

Severity (Consequence)

When considering how severe the harm from a hazard could be, it is important to be realistic. Almost every hazard could result in death; however, a practical approach must be adopted.

Factors affecting severity include:

  • The number of people/individuals who may be affected by one incident.
  • People especially at risk because of disabilities of medical conditions.
  • The concentration of substance.
  • The level of energy (e.g. voltages, heat, cold, pressure and noise).
  • The level of focus (e.g. concentrated acid or diluted acid).
  • Toxicity of substance.

Recording Severity

The judgment of the severity of most probable consequences of a hazard should be entered on the general risk assessment form as a number using the following scale:
  1. No personal injury, Limited materials damage or No delay.
  2. The Personal injury with no lost time, Shortstop in operation or Minor Environmental Impact.
  3. Lost time accident, Major damage to equipment or Significant environmental Impact.
  4. Fatal accident, Disabling injury, Major damages leading to more than 3 days stop in operation or Major environmental impact.
It should also be noted and record that this use of numbers does not make this a quantitative method of risk analysis. Numbers provide a shorthand way of recording the judgment of consequence and probability and makes it easier to create a list of priorities. The importance is not to become too obsessed by figures, as part of the purpose of risk assessment by HSE procedure is to identify the measures needed to comply and control with relevant statutory provisions and these numbers are designed to help with the prioritizing of such measures.

Therefore, the objective of this process is not to arrive at a particular number but to provide a systematic method of ensuring that consequence and probability are analyzed carefully and a record made of the analysis for future reference and review.

Likelihood (Probability)

The probability of the hazard actually causing harm also needs to be judged to ensure that the practical approach is adopted for the evaluation of probability.

  • Factors affecting the analysis of probability are:
  • The number of times the situation occurs
  • Position of the hazard
  • Distractions
  • Duration of response
  • Lighting
  • Quantities of materials involved
  • Environmental conditions
  • Competence of people involved
  • Condition of equipment
Another important factor to take into account is control measures that are already in place. These must be considered when analyzing the probability of harm from hazards.

Control measures or methods can be divided into two groups:

  1. Safe place measures, and
  2. Safe person measures.

Recoding Likelihood (Probability)

The judgment of the likelihood of the hazard actually causing harm can be entered on the general risk assessment record as a number using the following scale:
  1. Low/ Very Low (Yearly/ Less than yearly)
  2. Moderate (Up to once per year)
  3. Considerable (Once per month)
  4. High (Almost each time the operation takes place)

Risk Assessment Outcome

The next stage in the risk assessment process is to arrive at the risk assessment outcome. This is determined by the multiplication of the Consequence Value by the Probability Value, this gives the result based on each hazard. This number is entered in the Risk Assessment Record. The numbers provide an indication of priority and the extent of the risk that remains despite the control measure already provided. This is termed as the residual risk and completes the risk analysis process. The information submitted by this step will be used to evaluate whether the risk is adequately controlled or not in the next and final stage of the risk management process.

Risk Evaluation

This is the could be the final step but not limited to the risk assessment process and will require assessors to decide if the hazards identified have been controlled by specific requirements, or so far as reasonably practicable. The risk assessment stage takes into account the control measures currently to the hazard and therefore, the result of the analysis indicates the amount of risk that remains or the ‘Residual Risk.'

This system, which is used in the Risk Evaluation, will use the risk analysis to decide if the Residual Risk of each hazard is Trivial, Acceptable or Unacceptable.

Definition:

Trivial: Risk assessed as trivial should be monitored, maintained and if measures can be taken to reduce risks further, then this should be done.
Acceptable: Lower level risks may be considered acceptable but actions should still be taken to try to reduce these risks if possible, within reasonable limits.

Unacceptable: These are high risks cases, which may require the provision of:
  • Considerable additional resources
  • Special equipment
  • Training
  • High level of Supervision
  • Consideration of the most effective methods of elimination or controlling hazards.
  • Action plan for remedying the situation.
  • Consideration of whether to suspend the operation until the risk control measures have been put in place.

Risk Control

The purpose of risk control is to ensure that the total risk assessment process is carried out consistently and more efficiently in a formal manner. Implementation of risk control will ensure that all risks are assessed, identified, controlled, monitored, documented and maintenance is carried out where required. Risk Control provides information on control measures, which will help to evaluate the effectiveness of existing control measures at the risk assessment stage and will also assist in making decisions on further control measures required to reduce risk after the risk assessment has been carried out.

Control Measures

Control measures or steps can be divided into two groups:
  1. Safe Place Measures
  2. Safe Person Measures
  3. Safe Place Measures

Safe place measures are engineering solutions, which try to make the workplace, plant, materials, and substances, etc., safe as possible.

The safe place control includes:

  1. Control, which eliminates hazards (removing the hazard completely).
  2. Control, which reduces the risk of hazard at the source.
  3. Control, which reduces exposure. 

Control Which reduces exposure are further subdivided into:

  • Full enclosure: control which encloses or contain the hazard completely
  • Partial enclosure: control which partially encloses or contain the hazard
  • Remove person: control which keeps people away from the hazard if cannot be enclosed or covered
  • Reduce contact: control which reduces the time or quantity of contact by some mechanical means to reduce probability of the hazard

Safe Person Measures

To provide the safe place and to controls to prevent accidents or to protect people at work from hazards, there will always be a need to provide reliable person control to ensure that the physical control remains valid, to raise awareness and to increase protection of the individual.

Safe Person control includes:

  • Protective devices
  • SThe Safe system of the work (defined procedure for tasks/records)
  • Permit to work system
  • Training
  • Provision of information
  • Instructions
  • Supervision
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Another way to look at control measures is to split them into Preventive Measures such as:

  1. Vehicle brakes
  2. Machinery guards
  3. Local exhaust ventilation
  4. Storage cabinets for flammables

Protective Measures such as:

  1. Safety belts
  2. Protective clothing
  3. Respiration
  4. Fire extinguishers

Monitoring Control Measures and Measure Performance

Selection of adequate control measures will not in itself provide sufficient control unless their effectiveness is monitored. This involves paying attention to the maintenance of control measures and ensuring that the selected control measures are appropriately and consistently used by employees.

Routine Inspections of Control Measures

Inspections and examinations of procedures are part of ensuring that the control measures are properly maintained and continue to function in a satisfactory manner.

Ensuring Correct Use of Control Measures:

Multi Forms is ensuring that the controls selected for use are those, which are strictly necessary and only introduces control measures and system of work, which are committed to and are willing to be judged by.

Monitoring to Measure Performance:

Measuring performance or monitoring attempts to answer questions such as the following:
  1. Where Assessment of risk correct?
  2. Are the controls effective?
  3. How well are we performing in Health & Safety system?
  4. Are we meeting our performance standards?
  5. Are we progressing towards our objectives for HSE system?
  6. Are we complying with legislation?
  7. Have there been any injuries and cases of ill health?
  8. Have we suffered any losses (time and money)?

Risk Assessment Review

All Risk Assessment needs to be reviewed at regular intervals. High-risk activities will require more frequent review than activities that are assessed at low risk. The reviews should be conducted by the officer to determine the effectiveness of control measures implemented.

Conditions, which could lead to risk assessment review, are:

  • An accident
  • A complaint
  • A change of system
  • A change of equipment
  • A change in work activity
  • A change in legislation
  • New information

Zero Accident Performance

This Safety and Health Manual and the Management Team of [Your Company name] have adopted a ‘Zero Accident’ performance philosophy. We are dedicated to the concept that all accidents are preventable.

How do we achieve Zero Accidents?

The goal is to eliminate and bringing all injuries cases and illness to zero on all the projects. We promote safe production as a core value. We expect all employees, including subcontractor employees, to be accountable for their safety performance. We will use continuous improvement practices as a cornerstone for Zero Accident initiatives on the project.

All employees involved with [Your Company name] activities are expected to work conscientiously to implement and maintain the safety program. Injuries and losses only amount to failure when we fail to recognize the opportunities they present for improvement.

Our target is Zero Accidents.

When a loss occurs, we must look for why and how the injury or accident occurred. Then, through continuous improvement and good practices, we must make positive changes to the work methods that will result in the necessary modifications to prevent reoccurrences.

The main message is ‘no one gets hurt.' To achieve this throughout the project will not come quickly. It will take hard work on the part of all the team members. Remember:

‘Safety Starts with a Personal Commitment’

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